English roots

Articles in English
roots

meaning

example

act-

ag-

-ig-

do, behave

react

ali-

alter

alienate

alto

high

exalted

alter-

ulter-

alter, secondary

alternate

am-

-im-

love

amity

anc-

in front of 

ancestor

anim-

breathe, mind, spirit

animal

ann-

-enn-

year

annual

anthrop-

human-being

anthropology

apt-

ap-

-ep-

-ept-

appropriate

aptitude

arm-

weapon

arms

audi-

audit-

listen to

audience

aug-

auct-

aux-

arise, increase

augment

avi-

island

aviator

band-

bond-

bind

bond

bar

lintel

barrier

barba-

foreign, unknown

barbaric

bat-

beat

battle

bio-

life

bionics

blanc-

space

blank

bre-

inflate, grow up

brew

break

destroy

breakneck

brev-

short

brevity

cad-

cas-

-cid-

fall 

casual

caed-

cis-

-cid-

cut

excise

cant-

-cent-

sing

cant

cap-

cup-

capt-

cept-

-cip-

capture, approve

caption

capit-

leader, status

capital

car-

carr-

car

cargo

card-

cart-

paper

card

carn-

meat

carnival

ced-

cess-

proceed

access

cede

cede

accede

centr-

center-

center

central

cer-

cern-

cri-

cert-

cret-

separate, ascertain

concern

chron-

time

chronic

circ-

circule

circular

ci-

cit-

call, drive

excite

clam-

clamat-

-claim

shout

exclamation

cli-

clin-

bent, incline

incline

claud-

-clud-

claus-

clus-

close

conclusive

col-

cult-

cultivate

culture

cord-

mind

cordial

corpor-

body

incorporate

cre(sc)-

cret-

crut-

make, arise

creature

cred-

credi-

belive in 

credit

cur(r)-, curs-

run

current

cur-

be careful, take care

cure

cu(m)b-

lie down

encumber

cut-

cuss-

shake, beat

discuss

da-

-di-dat-

-dit-

don-

dot-

-dow

give

donor

dai-

day-

dia-

day

diary

deb-

debit-

debt, owe

debt

demo-

public

democracy

dic-

dict-

say, declare

dictum

dign-

value

dignity

doc-

doct-

teach

doctor

dom-

master, domesticate, dominate

domain

duc-

duct-

lead in 

educate

dur-

lasting

endure

emp-

empt-

take, purchase

example

equ-

-iqu-

equivalent

equal

err-

wander

error

est-

ess-

exist

essence

fa-

fat-

fam-

talk

famous

fac-

-fic-

-fact-

-fect-

facul-

ficu-

facil-

fici-

-fy

-faction

make, practice, interact, put

facility

fall-

fals-

deceive, cheat, fool 

false

fend-

fens-

-fest

beat

offend

fer-

fat-

carry, fruit

fertile

fess-

talk

confess

fi(n)g

fict-

lie

fiction

fid-

credit, trust

confidence

fin-

finish, end

final

firm-

solid

confirm

fla(g)-

burn, sparkle

flame

flec-

flect-

flex-

bend

reflect

flig-

flict-

beat

conflict

flu-

fluct-

flux-

flow

fluent

form-

form, formality

formal

fort-

strong

force

fra(n)g-

-frong-

fract-

break

fraction

fu(n)d-

fus-

por, melt

confusion

fund-

found, base

fundamental

(g)na

(g)nat-

born

naive

gen(er)-

birth, origin, species

gene

ger-

gest-

-gist-

carry

suggest

(g)no-

-(g)ni-

(g)not-

-(g)nit-

know

diagnose

grad-

-gred-

gress-

walk, stairs

progress

graph-

gram-

character, scribe

biography

grat-

please, favor

gratitude

grav-

heavy

gravity

greg-

gregat-

collect, group

aggregation

hab-

-hib-

habit-

-hibit-

have, keep

habit

her(ed)-

heir, successor

heir

her-

hes-

adhere

hesitation

hor(r)-

horrify 

horror

hum-

human-being

human

i-

it-eo

is

go

initial

im-

similar

image

insul-

island

insulate

jac-

jact-

-ject-

throw

inject

judic-

judge

judgment

jur-

just-

justice, law

injustice

ju(n)g-

junct-

connect

junction

labor-

laborat-

work

labor

lab-

laps-

slip

collapse

lat-

fer-

-late

bring, carry

translate

lat(er)-

side, aspect

bilateral

lau-

lav-

lot-

-lut-

lav-

lau-

wash

launder

lax-

loosen

relax

leg-

-lig-

lect-

lextus

lect

select, collect

collect

leg-

legat-

inaugurate, send

delegate

leg-

legal

legislator

lev-

light, rift

elevator

libr-

book

library

lig-

ligat-

bind

obligation

loc-

locat-

place

location

log-

leg-

log-

loqu-

loqui

talk

dialog

luc-

lum-

lum-

lust-

bright

illumination

lud-

lus-

play with, perform

ludicrous

-lys

-lyt

decompose

analysis

man-

mans-

remain

mansion

mag(n)-

big

magnificent

mand-

-mend-

mandat-

order、entrust

command

mar-

mer-

the sea

marine

matr-

mother

maternal

med-

cure

medical

medi-

center

medium

merc-

profit, sell, trade

commercial

mem-

remember

memory

merg-

mers-

sink, submerge

emergency

mens-

measure

measure

metro-

-meter

measure

diameter

migr-

migrat-

move

migrate

min-

intrude

eminent

mini-

small

miniature

mir-

surprise, look at

mirror

mit-

miss-

send, toss

admission

mo(u)-

mot-

activate

mobile

mod-

provision, manner, etiquette

moderate

mon-

monit-

remind of 

monument

monstr-

monstrat-

indicate

demonstration

mut-

change

permute

nau-

nav-

ship

navigate

neg-

negat-

neg-

deny, reject

negative

nerv-

tendon, string

nerve

not-

notat-

mark

notification

nunti-

nunci-

-nounce

-nunci

inform

announce

nutri-

nutrit-

cultivate

nutrition

nov-

new

innovation

omi-

om-

omen, prediction

ominous

onym-

name

anonym

oper-

activate

operation

opt-

optat-

desire, select

option

or-

ora-

talk, pray

oral

ori-

ort-

ori-

ascend, start

origin

pan-

bread

companion

pand-

pans-

widen

expand

par-

equal

compare

par-

parat-

prepare

prepare

par-

parit-

emerge, appear

apparent

parl-

talk

parliament

part-

partit-

part, distribute

partial

pass-

history, extend, broaden

passenger

pass-

path-

suffer

patient

pat(e)r-

father

paternal

ped-

foot

pedestrian

pel(l)-

puls-

press, beat, urge

appeal

pen-

pun-

punit-

punish 

penalty

pend-

pens-

risk, hang, measure

pendulum

peri-

experienced

expert

pet-

petit-

seek

appetite

pha(n)-

phen-

emerge

fantasy

phon-

sound

cacophony

pict-

pi(n)g-

draw, picture

picture

plaud-

plod-

plaus-

plos-

applause

applause

ple-

plet-

plen-

ply

fulfill

complete

plec

-plic-

plect-

plex-

-ply

pli-

ple-

overlap

complexity

plor-

-plore

flow out, lament

imploration

pon-

posit-

post-

pose

-pound

put, rest

dispose

popul-

publ-

people

popular

port-

gate

portal

port-

carry

export

pot-

potent-

force

impossible

prehend-

pre(he)ns-

grasp

comprehend

press-

prem-

press

impression

prim-

prim-

prin-

prem-

primary

primal

prob-

probat-

prov

acknowledge, investigate

proof

punct-

pung-

stab

puncture

put-

putat-

-pute

think, count

compute

quer-

-quir-

quisit-

quest-

-quire

seek

request

ra-

rat-

compute, reason

rational

radic-

radi-

root

radix

radi-

radiat-

redi-

light ray

radiation

rap-

rapt-

-rept-

rav-

deprive, steal

rapid

reg-

-rig-

rect-

right, govern rule

correct

rid-

ris-

laugh

ridiculous

rog-

rogat-

ask

interrogate

ru(m)p-

rupt-

break

interrupt

sac(e)r-

-secr-

sanct-

aecr-

holy 

sacred

sal(i-)

-sil

sil(i-)

salt-

sult-

leap

salmon

salu-

salv-

salut-

salvat-

healthy

salute

sat-

fulfill 

satisfy

scal-

scand-

-scend-

scans-

scend-

ascends ladder

ascend

sci-

know

conscious

scrib-

script-

-scribe

write

description

sec-

sect-

cut

section

sed-

-sid-

sess-

sit, talk

resident

sent-

sens-

feel

scent

sequ-

secut-

su-

continue

consecutive

ser-

sert-

connect

season

serv-

servit-

serve

servant

serv-

servat-

keep guard

conserve

sign-

mark

design

simil-

simul-

sembl-

similar

resemble

sist-

stitus-

st-

struct-

stand

resist

sti(n)g-

stinct-

stab

instinct

sol-

solus

solat-

sole

soliloquy

solu-

solv-

solut-

dissolve

solution

sor-

share, destiny, lottery

sort

spec-

-spic-

spect-

look at

inspect

spir-

spirat-

breath

inspire

spond-

spons-

promise

correspond

sta-

-sti-

stat-

-stit-

stand

assist

stru-

struct-

build, stack

construct

stri(n)g-

strict-

strain-

-stress

close

restrict

suad-

suas-

recommend

persuade

sum-

sumpt-

-sume

take, consume

consumer

surg-

sur-

increase, get up

source

ta(n)g-

-ti(n)g-

tact-

touch

tactile

tail-

chop

detail

ten-

-tin-

tent-

-tain

ten-

keep

contain

teg-, tect-

cover

protect

temper-

adjust

temperate

tempor-

momentary

temporary

tempt-

tent-

attempt

temptation

tend-

tent-

tens-

extend

extension

ter(r)-

horrify

terrify

termin-

setting a border line

determine

terr-

land

territory

test-

try, prove

contest

tex-

text-

weave

texture

tol-

lift

tolerate

tom-

disconnect

atom

tort-

tors-

torqu-

wrench twist

contort

tour-

torn-

revolve

tourist

trah-

tract-

treat-

pull, stop by

attractive

trem-

tremble

tremble

trib

tribut-

pay, distribute

contribute

trud-

trus-

press

intrude

tu-

tu(i)t-

behold

intuition

tum-

inflate

tumor

turb-

disrupt

disturb

ut-

us-

use

utility

vac-

vacat-

van-

void-

empty, blank

vacuum

vad-

vas-

go, haste

invade

vag-

wander

vague

val-

strong, value

valid

vari-

change

various

veg-

vig-

vivid, living

vegetable

vel-

-velop

wrap, envelop, encase

envelop

ven-

vent-

come

event

ver-

true

verify

vert-

vort-

vers-

vors-

revolve, orient

reverse

vest-

wear

invest

vi-

path

via

vi(n)c-

vict-

win, conquest

victory

vid-

vis-

look at

vision

vide-

separate, steal

divide

vindic-

vindicat-

claim the right

revenge

vi(v)-

vict-

live

vitamin

voc-

vocat

-voke

call, voice

vocalist

vol-

desire

voluntary

volu-

volut-

revolve, roll

involve

vor-

devour

carnivore

-vulse

pull, pick

evulsion

 

Reference by

1, http://mage8.com/tango/column9.html

2, https://cortesiel.weebly.com/8th-ela/archives/12-2018

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