Wicked problems are complex social and environmental problems that are difficult to solve due to their interrelatedness, uncertainty, and conflicting values. Some examples of wicked problems include climate change, poverty, and inequality. These problems are not easily solvable through traditional problem-solving methods, as they require a systemic and interdisciplinary approach.
Wicked problems are complex because they are not well defined, and the information available to understand them is incomplete. They are also interrelated, meaning that solving one aspect of a wicked problem may lead to unintended consequences in another area. For example, trying to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by promoting the use of nuclear energy may lead to increased safety concerns and the creation of nuclear waste.
Uncertainty is another characteristic of wicked problems, as it is difficult to predict the outcomes of interventions. For example, it is unclear how the earth’s climate will respond to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, or what the long-term effects of a policy aimed at reducing poverty will be.
Finally, wicked problems are characterized by conflicting values. Different stakeholders may have different priorities and opinions on what is important and what the solution to a wicked problem should be. For example, some people may prioritize economic growth, while others may prioritize environmental sustainability.
To solve wicked problems, a systemic and interdisciplinary approach is required. This means taking into account the interrelatedness of the problem and considering multiple perspectives and values. It also requires collaboration between different stakeholders, including government, business, and civil society.
One approach to solving wicked problems is participatory decision-making, where stakeholders are actively involved in the decision-making process. This approach acknowledges that multiple perspectives and values must be taken into account in order to find a solution that is acceptable to all stakeholders.
Another approach is to use design thinking, which involves an iterative process of prototyping, testing, and refining solutions. This approach allows for creative thinking and the exploration of unconventional solutions.
In conclusion, wicked problems are complex and challenging social and environmental problems that require a systemic and interdisciplinary approach to solve. Solving wicked problems requires a deep understanding of the interrelatedness of the problem, a consideration of multiple perspectives and values, and collaboration between different stakeholders. Using participatory decision-making and design thinking are two approaches that can help to find solutions to wicked problems.