I think TOPIK 쓰기(Writing) is the most difficult to deal with. You can master and use templates, many Korean words and expressions, but your score will not increase because TOPIK 쓰기(Writing) evaluates whether natural Korean is used rather than Korean words and expressions, and above all, sentence structure and consistency.
In other words, it depends largely on the writing ability and logic of the person, but if you polish up, you will surely be able to have the ability. To put it the other way around, if you have an good ability for making sentence structure, you can get almost 70% points. Another 30% is Korean words, expressions, and luck of the day. Now, I will introduce the way to prepare for TOPIK 쓰기(Writing) specifically.
- Preparing for TOPIK 쓰기 (Writing)
- In the end
Preparing for TOPIK 쓰기 (Writing)
Know what TOPIK 쓰기 (Writing) requires
As mentioned in TOPIK 듣기(Listening), it is important to know about the TOEFL test itself if you want to increase your TOEFL score.
Tips for 쓰기(Writing)
- Writing essays in your handwriting – you should get used to write essays on the paper with a black pen
- Be confidence in the writing essays – it’s important that what’s written is included in your essays
- Use templates – templates are useful, but don’t rely too much on them
- Write more words – it’s good to have a lot of characters, but it’s really the structure that matters, so don’t overdo it
- Maximize your editing time – avoid mistakes and losing points
- Check your writing – Getting feedback facilitates learning Korean
- Utilize technology – use sites or services that collect words in essays
- Tackle with an essay desperately – write more words to improve it, or edit it to correct mistakes until the end of the exam.
- Looking for a teacher who has good ability for Korean – Getting feedback facilitates learning Korean
Think like a Western way
In the West, logic and rationality are emphasized, and the examination evaluates the quality of the way of thinking. Therefore, if you go outside the framework, your score will naturally be deducted. Specifically, the following are the arguments that should not be used for Western thinking. If these are not the case, you will naturally be able to think logically.
- Hasty Generalization
- Post Hoe Ergo proper Hoe
- Slippery Slope
- Red Herring
- Appeal to Tradition
- False Dilemma
- Ad Hominem
① is a fallacy that makes claim based on insufficient or unrepresentative examples. it is not logical to assume that all politicians are taking bribes when news circulates that two or three politicians are taking bribes, because not all are taking bribes.
② is a chronological fallacy that says a. prior event caused a subsequent event. For example, because when you win, or get a lot of money, you’re wearing a red jacket, you may have a hard time gambling. because logically speaking, there’s no correlation between gambling wins and red jackets.
③ is a fallacy of causation that says one action inevitably sets a chain of events in motion. For example, the idea that if the consumption tax reaches 5%, it will reach 7%, and then 10%, is not logical. That’s because it’s based on the possibilities that might happen in the future, and not on the credibility of the numbers going up.
④ is a fallacy that introduces irrelevant issues to deflect attention from the subject under discussion. For example, politicians often try to divert themselves from questions by introducing irrelevant topics, but this is not a reasonable factor because they have not answered that question. It is recommended to be especially aware of the frequent occurrence of essays and discussions.
⑤ is a fallacy that opposes change by arguing that old ways are superior to new ways. For example, people living now may be happier than they used to be. it does not make sense from the standpoint of logic, and what makes them happy depends on the individual.
⑥ is a fallacy that confronts listeners with two choices when in reality, more option exists. For example, if you offered to have to work at the company and to get results without having to work overtime within two weeks, it is not logical. Because you may be able to come up with innovative ideas.
⑦ is a fallacy that determines truth, goodness or wisdom by popular opinion. In this restaurant, for example, it is common sense to tip $5 in advance. This doesn’t make sense. Because Common sense may apply to individuals and societies,
⑧ is a fallacy that urges listeners to reject as idea because of the allegedly poor character of the person voicing it.For example, if you were said that you are too early to be a boss, this would’t make sense because if you show your ability and achieve results, you may be a boss right now.
Below is an article related to the above. Please use it as a reference.
Memorizing (creating) templates
Remembering the template in advance and challenging the test is a great way to do it, but there are a few things to keep in mind.
- The template is just an example
- Don’t rely too much on templates
- Create your own template if possible
- In the end, you should be flexible enough to answer all questions without templates
There are many useful templates on the Internet. Keep in mind that templates are just an example, though it’s a great thing to learn from them. Also, when you try to talk about the template you learned on the day of the exam, if the content of the topics or questions doesn’t match the template you learned, there are many cases where it didn’t work.
Therefore, it is better to create your own templates to deal with these problems. Make one template that fits you well at first so that you can write essays immediately. Once you’ve done that, let’s make up to two extra templates.
If you make a template or memorize words or expressions, you will get the hang of it. In the end, you will be able to write smoothly without templates.
Use friends and various media to receive regular output and correction
You can’t say that you’ve mastered words, expressions and templates just by memorizing them. Make sure to output what you memorize. Be sure to output your memorization in essays, diaries, etc. and have them corrected. The reason is as follows.
- Learning Korean words and expressions by writing essays
- The correction gives you feedback so you can write essays with confidence.
- Learning to write essays in proper and natural Korean
Needless to say, if you want to improve your writing, you must write an essay first. You can memorize words and expressions by writing. When you finish writing your essay, I recommend you to have it corrected because you can learn how to use Korean correctly. Korean has the same meaning, but there are many words with a slight difference in nuance, so your essay may be subtracted in the TOPIK test. Correction is essential to prevent this.
Memorizing words + connecting the word with the sound
When you memorize words, it is highly recommended to learn Sino-Korean because about 60% of Korean is composed of Sino-Korean.
Example 学生-학생 生活-생활 活発-활발 発達-발달 達人-달인
Sino-Korean and Korean match the same number of characters as above. If you speak Japanese as your native language, you may have noticed that it is just converting Sino-Korean into Korean Hangul. Therefore, it is easy for Japanese to learn Korean because they only need to learn which Chinese characters are converted into Korean.
If your native language is not Japanese, you will have a hard time memorizing Korean words. Japanese people start learning Chinese characters at the age of six, so it is relatively easy to learn Korean because of the advantages of learning Korean. But you don’t have to be disappointed. I have a way to recommend it to those who don’t speak Japanese. Below is an example.
Example 学生-학생 生活-생활 活発-활발 発達-발달 達人-달인
학(学) – learn + 생(生) – alive or -er = a student (a leaner)
생(生) – alive or -er + 활(活) – energy = life or living
활(活) – energy + 발(発) – emit = activeness
발(発) – emit + 달(達) reach = development
달(達) reach + 인(人) a person = a master or an expert
In this way, kanji has several meanings in one letter. Let’s memorize the kanji words one by one by matching the meaning and kanji. It takes time, but your Korean ability will definitely improve. Also, when memorizing words, keep in mind the following :
- Using of five senses as much as possible
- Memorizing words through images and illustrations rather than characters
- Linking words with the sound
- Repeat the vocabulary book at least three to five times.
- To actively say the words you memorize or write an essay to make output
When I learned words, I used vocabulary books a lot. I used to use three vocabulary books before taking the TOPIK, and I did four times of all three books. A vocabulary book will have a tremendous effect only by repeating it.
I also learned words by listening voices and writing essays, because I was able to combine words with the sounds and was able to get feedback from my native friends by using the words in my essay to output them.
Solving past questions
In the section of TOPIKの쓰기(Writing), you will be given a black pen and paper on the day of the test, and you have to write with your own handwriting, so you need to get used to it. Also, if you make a mistake in writing, you have to erase it with a correction tape and write it on top of it. Also, TOPIK’s writing starts immediately after listening, so time management is the key. In order to earn even a second, it’s more important not to use corrective tape than to write at a speed of . That’s why you should actually write an essay on paper and imbue your body with the pace distribution.
Below is a Youtube account called Topik 3급 with a lot of past questions on 읽기(Reading)、듣기(Listening)、쓰기(Writing). Please use it for learning Korean (^◇^)
In the end
The above content can be applied not only to Korean study but also to other languages, so please make use of it! I would appreciate it if you could leave a comment if this article was helpful for TOPIK study or if you thought your language learning method was like this (о´∀`о)
References – YouTube.com
thumbnail – wiki-study.com